Biomass Gasification Plant

Syngas, primarily composed of carbon monoxide and hydrogen, is a significant chemical “intermediate” and holds immense importance in chemical industries for various applications and production processes. GEMCO biomass gasification plant offers you a high-quality solution for syngas production, providing renewable energy sources for industrial production needs.

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GEMCO Biomass Gasification System

Biomass gasification is the process of partially oxidizing or pyrolyzing biomass at high temperatures, converting it into a synthetic gas rich in H2, CO, and CH4, which is called syngas. Syngas can be used as both a gaseous fuel and in the production of liquid fuels and chemical products, including methanol, ammonia, acrylic acid, gasoline, and more. It serves as the foundation for biomass chemistry and biorefining.

biomass gasification plant

Customized to Meet Your Needs

GEMCO biomass gasification system is a customized industrial system that we have independently designed, developed, and manufactured with full proprietary intellectual property rights. It can be used for the pyrolysis gasification of a variety of biomass materials, including branches, rice husks, straw, nutshells, coconut shells, palm shells, wood chips, construction templates, and waste from furniture factories. This system effectively meets energy demands while simultaneously reducing carbon emissions, contributing to a more environmentally friendly and sustainable energy solution.

biomass gasification energy plant

Adapt to Various Energy Systems

GEMCO’s biomass gasification unit can be integrated with boiler systems, multifunctional drying systems, and calcination systems. It uses the synthesized gas produced as fuel to provide clean energy to these systems, effectively incorporating green renewable energy into various industrial processes. Whether you are an industrial enterprise seeking sustainable energy solutions or an urban planner aiming to enhance energy efficiency, GEMCO is ready to provide you with reliable solutions.

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GEMCO Biomass Gasification Plant Advantages

Environmental Friendliness

GEMCO gasification systems utilize low-nitrogen biomass gasifiers, which not only enhance system reliability but also reduce environmental impact, complying with the latest EU2019 standards, making your production more environmentally friendly.

Customization

We understands that every customer’s needs are unique. Therefore, our systems can be customized to meet specific requirements, accommodating various feedstock materials and diverse needs. Regardless of your application, we have solutions to meet your demands.

Low Energy Consumption

Our systems boast exceptional energy efficiency, with a gasification boiler system comprehensive efficiency of ≥90%. This means you will consume less energy, achieving higher energy utilization rates at lower operational costs.

Low Investment Costs, Quick Returns

Our biomass gasification plants not only have low energy consumption but also relatively low investment costs. This means users can achieve a faster return on investment and start reaping benefits in a shorter timeframe.

High Throughput

Our biomass gasification plants are designed to handle large quantities of biomass feedstock, catering to users’ demands for large-scale production, whether for industrial production or energy supply.

Intelligent Management

The gasification plant incorporates a 5G intelligent management system for efficient system operation. This allows you to monitor and optimize system performance in real-time, ensuring optimal operational efficiency.

GEMCO Biomass Gasification Plant Design

The example diagram depicts the process design of biomass gasification system integrated with a steam boiler. The synthesis gas produced in the gasification reactor is processed and used directly as fuel for the boiler, making it an environmentally friendly and efficient solution.

the design details of GEMCO biomass gasification plant
1. Crusher
2. control room
3. Gentry Crane
4. Feeding System
5. Circulation Water Heat Exchange System
6. Gasification System
7. Gas Burning System
8. Gas Steam Boiler
9. Denitrification System
10. Bag Filter
11. ID Fan
12. Chimney
13. Boiler Water Tank
14. Steam Outlet
15. Hot Air Pipeline
16. Soft Water Treatment System

Feedstock Handling System:

The feedstock handling system is responsible for transporting biomass feedstock from storage areas or stockpiles to the gasification reactor. This system is also responsible for processing the feedstock by crushing it to meet the requirements for gasification reactions. The feedstock handling system includes equipment such as crushers, belt conveyors, and gantry cranes.

Heating system:

The biomass gasification process requires high-temperature conditions, which are typically provided by burning fuels such as natural gas, biomass gas, coal, or other heating methods to generate the necessary heat.

Gas Cleaning System:

The syngas produced during biomass gasification reactions typically contain solid impurities, gas impurities, and harmful substances. It need to be treated through a gas cleaning system to ensure its purity and usability. This includes processes such as dust removal, desulfurization, denitrification, and dechlorination.

Gasification Reactor:

The gasification reactor is the core component of the biomass gasification plant, where biomass feedstock is converted into syngas under high temperature and low oxygen conditions. GEMCO biomass gasification system typically employs our independently developed updraft fixed-bed gasification reactor. However, it can be customized to use fluidized bed or other gasifiers based on customer requirements.

Waste Heat Recovery System:

The waste heat released during gasification reactions can be recovered and reused through a waste heat recovery system to improve the system’s energy efficiency.

Control System:

The control system includes sensors, instruments, and automated control devices used to monitor and control critical parameters such as temperature, pressure, atmosphere, and others during the gasification process. This ensures the safety and stability of the whole system.

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the system workflow of biomass gasification docking steam boiler

Biomass Gasification (Docking Steam Boiler) System Work Flow

Raw Materials: Biomass Pellets, Wood Chips, Straw, Coconut Shells, Rice Husks, etc.

Main Products: Syngas, Steam

By Products: Biochar, Wood Tar, Wood Vinegar, Hot Water, etc.

Application: Electric Power Industry, Chemical Industry, Textile Industry, Paper Industry, Smelting Industry, etc.

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GEMCO Biomass Gasification Plant Parameters

Gasifier ModelGM-SR2200GM-SR2600GM-SR3000GM-SR3600GM-SR4000GM-SR4300
Heat Supply (kcal/h)2.4 million3.6 million6 million9 million12 million15 million
Tonnage Of Steam Boiler (t/h)4610152025
Structure TypeFixed Bed Updraft GasifierFixed Bed Updraft GasifierFixed Bed Updraft GasifierFixed Bed Updraft GasifierFixed Bed Updraft GasifierFixed Bed Updraft Gasifier
Gasifier Area (m²)180200250300400500
Running Power Consumption (kW)≈30≈35≈40≈65≈80≈100
Rated Raw Material Consumption (kg/h)≈1000≈1500≈2500≈3750≈5000≈6250
Rated Gas Production (Nm³/h)≈2100≈3150≈5250≈7875≈10000≈12500
Burner Thermal Power (MW)2.84.2710.51417.5
Heat Recovery (kcal/h)24000036000060000090000012000001500000
Bag Filter4T6T10T15T20T25T
Gasification Efficiency (%)≥75
Gas Temperature (℃)≤200
Calorific Value Of Gas (kcal/Nm³)1100-1450
Charcoal Output (%)3 – 8
Charcoal Waywet
Raw Material Size (nm)30-80
Gas CompositionThe main combustible components are CO, CH4, H2 and CmHn gaseous hydrocarbons
EmissionNo waste water and no solid waste discharge except for the dust removal of exhaust gas after combustion
System Weight (tons)4048557395115
Container Quantity223344

Benefits of SynGas

biomass syngas production

Synthesis gas, produced from renewable resources like biomass, is a clean energy source that doesn’t rely on finite fossil fuel resources. It offers advantages such as low pollution, high efficiency, and sustainability. Producing and using syngas helps reduce greenhouse gas emissions, combat climate change, and align with international climate agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol.

The CO2 emissions generated when biomass syngas is burned are roughly equivalent to the amount of CO2 absorbed during the growth phase of the biomass feedstcok. This is often referred to as “zero” emissions, making it a more environmentally friendly energy option.

Renewable Source

Syngas is produced from renewable sources, and its combustion process does not release large quantities of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other pollutants, resulting in a smaller negative impact on the atmosphere.

Efficient Combustion

Syngas has good combustion characteristics, with high combustion efficiency. Carbon monoxide and hydrogen, two of its main components, can combust fully at high temperatures, generating a significant amount of heat energy.

Low Sulfur Content

Syngas has significantly lower sulfur content compared to common fuels like gasoline and coal. This means that no additional desulfurization measures are required during its combustion to meet environmental requirements.

Low Ash Content

Unlike solid fuels such as coal, syngas does not contain ash content. Therefore, it doesn’t produce ash residue during combustion, reducing wear and maintenance costs for combustion equipment.

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